Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
German Englisch

Flora and Fauna

Haus im Schnee
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
Gleiches Bild
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn
© Fichtelberg Schwebebahn

Origin of the name

The mountain was given its name thanks to the existing natural forests of spruce that covered it (see section on forest history).

In the 16th century Georgius Agricola used the Latinised form, Pinifer (Fichtelberg).

Forest history

The extensive spruce forests in the area surrounding the Fichtelberg have been constantly utilised since man first settled here and have thus undergone much change.

The original vegetation of the highlands and mountain ridges was fundamentally different.

Pollen analyses from the Gottesgaber Moor revealed useful information about the former composition of the forest.

The main tree species of the Hercynian mixed forest of the highlands - the silver fir (Abies alba), European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) - occurred in roughly equal proportions of around 30% on the ridgelines.

Old church records and forest assessments contain descriptions of the original condition of the forest, showing that the Fichtelberg was covered by mixed forest consisting of the aforementioned tree species.

The present dominance of the spruce is primarily a result of human influence.

Improper management such as deforestation and high populations of game steadily reduced the proportion of fir and beech trees in favour of spruce.

With the beginning of state forestry in Saxony in the early 19th century, the composition of species changed drastically.

Forest management, which was focussed on achieving the highest net yield, saw the spruce as the perfect timber resource. Gradually other tree species were planted again.


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